My DNA Results are in!

You all may remember that sometime in May I sent in my samples for a FTDNA Family Finder autosomal DNA test.  Well, my results are in!

My roots are as follows:

My father’s side:  entirely French back to at least 1600

My mother’s side:  paternal-Azorean (same island, Sao Miguel); maternal-English, Irish, and Welsh.  My Welsh ancestors made a  detour through Austrlia for a decade or two.


I am not surprised by this break down except for the 3% Finnish.  I’ve been told that this is within the margin of error, so I’m not concerned about it.

After I looked at my origin, I checked out my matches.  I was surprised and happy to see that I had a top match with a known Pacheco cousins (our lines are from Achada and Fenais da Vera Cruz on Sao Miguel Island).  This is good stuff, I think, because we have a known connection.  We share great great grandparents.

I had 16 pages of matches.  Most were 5th and remote.  I had one that was a 2nd-4th.  It’s a woman in England.  Then I have 10 matches of 3rd-5th.  The rest are 5th or remote.

After I looked at my matches, I checked to see if I have any people in common and what chromosome we match in.  So far, I’ve come up with 3 people that I match in the exact same chromosome (all 4 of us the same).  All 3 of them have English roots.

I think it’s interesting that I am part of FTDNA’s Azores DNA Group yet my top matches, except for my known cousin and one other, are all English/Irish.  It kind of gives me hope that I might make a connection with my great grandfather’s roots.

I’m going to be sending out emails this weekend.  Hopefully, I’ll get some responses.

After that I’m going to upload my results to GEDMatch.  I know I have other cousins who have had their DNA done.  Maybe I will find some long lost cousin.





My Research Guides on sale until the end of July

I realized an awful error on my website,, this month.  I don’t know how it happened but several files were set so that visitors were forbidden to view them.  The website was hacked last year and I fear that the hacker may have changed random file permissions (as well as the other things he or she did) just to be annoying.  If so, it worked.

I am working on fixing them one by one.    This will take time.  As gesture to thank those of you whole faced those forbidden warning pages and still returned to, I’ve decided to put my two research guides on sales.  These research guides are available in ebook format only (payment only accepted through

What are these research guides, you ask?  Well, since you could get to them before, let me tell you.

Research Guide #1 is “Your Island Roots:  Researching Your Portuguese Ancestry in Hawaii.”  Written in 2006, this is a general overview of the resources available for research.  Originally $15, on sale for $10.

For more information on what is included in this guide, check out this page about the ebook.

Research Guide #2 is “Portuguese Hawaiian Immigration: A research guide.”  Written in 2002, this is an overview of Portuguese immigration to Hawaii with a look at the history and resources available.    Originally $10, on sale for $5.

For more information on what is included in this guide, check out the page about this ebook.

Thanks for continuing to read my blog and visit my website.  I apologize for the inconvenience this error is causing.  I hope to have all the pages updated in the next few weeks.  In the meantime, check out the research guides.


Double Pai Incognito

I’m coining that phrase.

I’ve been working on my cousin’s Raposo line. It seemed a simple request. Figure out if Francisco Raposo and Manoel Raposo of Kilauea were really brothers.

To start, the birth place information in some records in Hawaii was inconsistent. I sorted it out and identified they were from the village of Mosteiros on Sao Miguel Island. I had a starting point at least.

I found their marriage records and saw the phrase no Portuguese researcher wants to see. Their father was Pai Incognito. Pai Incognito translates roughly to “father unknown”. Okay, we know the woman knew who the father was, but she wasn’t telling. Pai Incognito is a dead end unless someone gives up the information in a later record.

I decided to search for their baptismals. A fellow researcher found Manoel’s and then I located Francisco’s. What I didn’t expect was this: their maternal grandfather was also a Pai Incognito. This means their father’s line is a dead end and their mother’s father’s line is a dead end.

No matter how much research I do I always come across something I’ve never seen before. This is a case where both the mother and the grandmother were unmarried mothers.  Perhaps more common today, but no so much in the 1840s (or maybe it was but we just don’t hear about it).

It leaves a lot of open questions. Where did their surname Raposo come from? Did Manoel and Francisco have the same father?  How did the single mother and grandmother make ends meet?  I can only hope some record, maybe in Hawaii, provides answers these questions. For now, this is a brick wall with cement poured over it.